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Fred Stone


Fred Stone

Fred Stone spent more than 70 years in show business. He went into show business at the age of 10 with his brother Eddie, doing a tightrope act for $3. Stone mastered practically every act connected with a circus.

Stone met David Montgomery in 1895 and began a partnership that would last for 22 years. The pair became headliners in minstrel and variety shows. Their first stage hit was in "The Wizard of Oz," in which Stone was the original scarecrow and Montgomery the tin woodman.

That partnership wasn't even close to being Stone's longest as he and his wife, Allene Crater, were married over 50 years. Crater had been dead for more than a week before Stone was told of her passing, as family members were afraid the news would kill him. Stone lived several more years after his wife died, although he was sickly and blind in his later years.

Among the musical shows in which Stone gained fame were "The Red Mill," 1906; "The Old Town," 1909; "The Lady of the Slipper," 1912; "Chin-Chin," 1914; "Jack O'Lantern," 1917; "Tip-Top," 1920; "Stepping Stone," 1923 and "Criss-Cross," 1926.

Stone was known as the "grand old man of the American theater" and wrote his autobiography, "Rolling Stone," in 1945. He was the father of three daughters — Dorothy, Paula and Carol — who all made their way to the stage.

— Los Angeles Times Mar. 7, 1959

Stone & Montgomery as the first Scarecrow and Tin Woodsman of Oz, 1902

Stone & Montgomery as the first Scarecrow and Tin Woodsman of Oz, 1902


Fred Stone Internet Movie Database

Fred Stone Internet Broadway Database

Vaudeville, old and new , Montgomery and Stone section starts on page 777.

Fred Stone: Circus Performer and Musical Comedy Star By Armond Fields

Fred Stone Talks About the Pugilistic Dance in "The Red Mill"

Fred Stone - The Theatre and the Man

Tiger Tunes: The Scarecrow

Fred Stone Collection - Kansas Historical Society

Fred Stone as the Scarecrow in "The Wizard of Oz" Illustration

Fred Stone Passes By - Unnoticed by Stage Fans (The Milwaukee Journal, May 19, 1941)

Silent - Fred Stone

Fred Stone at Frontier Days in Cheyenne, Wyoming, 1919

Fred Stone at Frontier Days in Cheyenne, Wyoming, 1919

Fred Stone in hospital bed after his plane crashed

Fred Stone Had Forgotten About His Bones Broken In His Famous Airplane Crash (Times Daily - March 17, 1930)

A Rolling Stone Early 20th century star owned a ranch in Massapequa (November 30, 2010)

Fred Stone photos from the Museum of the City of New York

Fred Stone photos from the Rollins Digital Collection

Interview with Milburn Stone (Fred's cousin)

Video Clips

The Westerner (1940) Part 1

The Westerner (1940) Part 2

The Westerner (1940) Part 3

The Westerner (1940) Part 4

Konga,The Wild Stallion (1940), 1st 2 minutes of movie

No Place to Go (1939) Trailer

Alice Adams (1935) Full Movie

Movie stills from Under the Top, 1919

Movie stills from The Goat, 1918

Dorothy Stone seated inside a Ford Model A car speaks to her father Fred Stone and they both grin in the United States.

Dancing Boxing Match, Montgomery and Stone (1907)

Audio Clip

Dave Montgomery, Fred Stone - Moriah 1901

Fred Stone & Ray Bolger Converse